On the Brauer Monoid of S3
(Lobachevskii Journal of Mathematics, Volume XIV)
In [HLS], the authors showed that the Brauer monoid of a finite Galois group can be written as a disjoint union of smaller pieces (groups). Each group can be computed following Stimets by defining a chain complex and checking its exactness. However, this method is not so encouraging because of the difficulty of dealing with such computations even with small groups. Unfortunately, this is the only known method so far. This paper is to apply Stimets' method to some idempotent weak 2-cocycles defined on S3. In particular, the idempotent 2-cocycles whose associated graphs have two generators. Some nice results appear in the theory of noncommutative polynomials.